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Shashti Upakrama Which means, Classification, Scientific Significance


By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Grasp Sushruta is the grand grasp of surgical procedure. In Sushruta Samhita we come throughout 60 specialised remedies grouped underneath a heading known as ‘Shashti Upakrama’. Shashti means 60 quantity, Upakrama means remedies.
Learn – Sushruta’s 8 Varieties Of Surgical Procedures – Astavidha Shastra Karma

Scientific utility of Shashti Upakrama

Sasti Upakramam is a bunch of 60 sub-therapies/remedies. They’re defined within the context of therapy of Vranas in Chikitsa Sthana Part of Sushruta Samhita (Chapter 1). This is able to in all probability be one among the many most historical descriptions of ‘complete administration of wounds, ulcers, irritation and wound-scars’. Although this clarification has been given within the context of wound administration, these remedies are extraordinarily useful in managing the related irritation and the scars fashioned after the injuries have been healed. All remedies will not be used for a similar objective; they’re used for various functions at completely different phases and shows of the injuries. They’re defined in the identical chronology wherein they should be administered ‘stage-wise’.

Due to this fact the 60 procedures defined by Grasp Sushruta assist in coping with –

  • Administration of Vrana Shopha – i.e. irritation across the wounds / ulcers / abscess
  • Administration of Vrana – wounds and ulcers
  • Administration of Vrana Vastu – beauty restore of the fashioned scar

The trendy day wound administration too appears to be like influenced by Sushruta’s shashti upakrams, however Sushruta’s model appears to be like extra complete. Many measures defined by Ayurveda are purely restricted to the sector and experience of Ayurveda and will not be practiced in trendy drugs or some other modern medical techniques.

Sushruta’s clarification emphasis on the beauty restore of the wound scars, modalities to forestall recurrence and dehiscence of wounds which reveals the development of surgical practices within the historical day.

Due to this fact Sashti Upakram consists of treating the injuries proper from the stage of abscesses to the stage of scars. These comprise of extra advantageous strategies of wound administration compared to the identical interventions performed by different medical techniques involving many scientifically superior trendy approaches.
Learn – Nadivrana – Sinus: Varieties, Signs, Ayurvedic Remedy

Shashti Upakramas as a part of Sapta Upakarmas – These 60 remedies can grossly included in Sapta Upakarmas i.e. 7 remedies of shopha (swelling related to wounds). Beneath talked about are the 7 therapies wherein the 60 remedies are included.

Sl No Saptopakrama (7 therapies) Therapies of Shashti Upakramas (60 therapies) included underneath 7 fundamental therapies Whole Variety of remedies included underneath 7 fundamental therapies
1 Vimlapana Apararpana to Vimlapana 06
2 Avasechana Visravana to Virechana 04
3 Upanaha Upanaha and Pachana 02
4 Patana Chedana to Sevana 09
5 Shodhana Sandhana to Vrana Dhupana 13
6 Ropana
7 Vaikrutapaha Utsadhana to Raksha Vidhana 26
  Whole = 60 remedies

Learn – Harm, Wound care Ayurvedic Cures, Medicines

Shashti Vidha Chikitsa – 60 kinds of therapy

The Shashti upakrama i.e. 60 kinds of therapy methods utilized in surgical follow defined by Grasp Sushruta are as under talked about –

Sl No Identify of the Upakrama (therapy) Which means Inclusion in Sapta Upakrama
1 Apatarpana  hunger / fasting Vimplapana
2 Alepa software of medicinal pastes
3 Parisheka showering of medicinal fluids
4 Abhyanga oil therapeutic massage
5 Sweda fomentation or sudation
6 Vimlapana light urgent / cleaning measures
7 Visraavana drainage Avasechana
8 Sneha inducing oiliness
9 Vamana therapeutic emesis
10 Virechana therapeutic purgation
11 Upanaha poultices Upanaha
12 Paachana serving to the pus to type correctly in order to empty it out
13 Chedana excision Patana
14 Bhedana incision
15 Daarana splitting / tearing
16 Lekhana Scraping
17 Eshana Probing
18 Aaharana Extraction
19 Vyadhana Puncturing
20 Vidravana Liquefaction
21 Seevana Suturing
22 Sandhana Unification, union of fractures Shodhana & Ropana
23 Peedana Compression
24 Shonita sthapana Checking the bleeding, enabling correct circulation
25 Nirvapana Software and showering of chilly efficiency medicines
26 Utkaarika Software of heat semi-solid vata assuaging medicinal pastes to deal with wound irritation and necrosis of wounds
27 Kashaya Administering natural decoctions
28 Varti Software / inserting suppositories
29 Kalka Natural Paste Software
30 Sarpi Use of medicated ghee
31 Taila Use of medicated oils
32 Rasakriya Administration of semi-solid medicinal extracts
33 Avachurnana Sprinkling of natural powders
34 Vrana Dhupana Fumigation of wounds
35 Utsaadana Elevation of wounds – therapy of wounds with some herbs to enhance granulation tissue in order to lift the ground of the wound Vaikrutapaha
36 Avasaadana Despair of wounds  – elimination of unhealthy, pointless, hyper-granulation tissue from ground of the wound which could delay therapeutic of wounds
37 Mrudu Karma Softening the perimeters of the injuries
38 Daaruna Karma Hardening the margins of the injuries (some wounds have much less tensile power in order that the wound margin simply separate inflicting early dehiscence and wound therapeutic delayed. To keep away from very long time wound therapeutic, daaruna karma is finished)
39 Kshara Karma  Software of alkalis
40 Agni Karma Hearth cauterization
41 Krshna Karma Inducing black shade (hypo-pigmentation space made regular like surrounding tissue)
42 Pandu Karma Inducing white shade (hyper-pigmentation space made regular like surrounding tissue)
43 Pratisaarana Tablets made up of tough powder of medicinal herbs is rubbed on tender shiny pores and skin (after wound therapeutic) in order to make the pores and skin floor tough, similar to the conventional pores and skin
44 Roma Sanjanana Therapies and medicines (measures) enabling progress of hairs
45 Loma Apaharana Therapies and medicines (measures) enabling elimination of pointless hairs
46 Vasti Karma Medicinal Enemas
47 Uttara Vasti Karma Enemas given via urinary and genital passages
48 Bandha Bandages
49 Patra Daana Overlaying the injuries with leaves
50 Krimighna Disinfectants
51 Brmhana Bulk selling and strengthening remedies
52 Vishagna Anti-toxins, remedies and medicines which nullify or neutralize the impact of poisons and toxins
53 Shiro virechana Nasal instillation of medicines
54 Nasya Nasal instillation of remedy / Errhines
55 Kavala dharana Rinsing of mouth with medicinal liquids
56 Dhooma Fumigation
57 Madhu sarpi Administration of honey and ghee
58 Yantra Instrumentation
59 Aahara Dietetic routine
60 Rakshaa vidhana Sterilization (the surgical ward, devices and so on must be sterilized by fumigating with Guggulu (Commiphora mukul) and so on herbs and Mantra uccharana (uttering or reciting holy hymns) to kill the small pathogenic organisms)

Click on to Seek the advice of Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)

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