Wednesday, November 23, 2022
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Watch Italian astronaut Roberto Vittori pilot a drone set for Mars


Drones are primarily regarded as flying within the sky, the place they’re far sufficient over our heads to keep away from objects however low sufficient to nonetheless see them. Sometimes, chatter of underwater drones comes up. However drones in area have gotten a sizzling matter nowadays. And area explorers like Italian astronaut Roberto Vittori are getting their palms on them.

Common Roberto Vittori, who flew three spaceflights together with the penultimate mission of the American Area Shuttle Program in 2011 (he was the final non-American to fly aboard the Shuttle), is now making a reputation for himself with not simply area flights, however flights loads nearer to earth: drone flights.

Common Roberto Vittori, who’s an Italian Air Drive officer and ESA astronaut, co-piloted a Skycopter area drone as a part of a flowery, reception-type occasion earlier this yr to rejoice Skypersonic’s involvement within the NASA-simulated Mars Mission. Skypersonic is a Detroit-based dronemaker most well-known for its Skycopter drone, which has a tiltable video digicam designed to work in excessive situations and ultra-tight areas.

At a coaching session in Italy to assist ESA astronaut Roberto Vittori put together for the drone demonstration flight at LoveITDetroit, Skypersonic chief pilot Giuliano Golfieri (proper) guides Vittori in utilizing the Skycopter drone’s digital piloting goggles. Picture courtesy of Skypersonic.

Positive, Vittori’s piloting is placed on public show for only a drone flight at a gala-esque social gathering, however the entire thing is fairly pleasant. And it’s a sign that critical movers and shakers within the broader aerospace business have their eye on drones. The truth is, alongside Common Roberto Vittori’s reside drone flight on the gala, he joined Skypersonic Founder and CEO Giuseppe Santangelo; Simonetta Di Pippo, an Italian astrophysicist and former director of the United Nations Workplace for Outer Area Affairs (UNOOSA); and Vicky Selva, govt director of Michigan Protection Middle in a panel dialogue about drones and area.

Watch Vittori testing Skypersonic area drone know-how — which was performed forward of the reception — in a roughly three-minute lengthy video created by Skypersonic, right here:

The NASA-simulated Mars Mission is a one-year, analog mission designed to simulate life on Mars (or another distant world in principle). In 2021, Skypersonic firm signed a five-year contract with NASA to offer drone and rover software program, {hardware} and help to that NASA-simulated Mars mission. As a part of that endeavor, Skypersonic final month introduced that it efficiently validated its know-how throughout 15 days of testing on Mt. Etna, an energetic volcano in Sicily whose panorama is just like Martian geology.

Skypersonic’s drone tech stands out as a result of — whereas most drones can’t be piloted with out connecting to the GPS community — Skycopter makes use of know-how that is ready to management and monitor the drone in places the place GPS is just not obtainable, you recognize, like Mars.

General Roberto Vittori
At a coaching session in Italy to assist ESA astronaut Roberto Vittori put together for the drone demonstration flight at LoveITDetroit, Skypersonic chief pilot Giuliano Golfieri (left) coaches Vittori in remotely piloting the Skycopter drone. Picture courtesy of Skypersonic.

Why astronauts are concerned with drones

Astronauts, rocket scientists, aerospace engineers and a myriad of other people who’re primarily centered on area are additionally incorporating drones into their work with rising frequency. Today, a few of that’s actually as a result of drones are set to be a key know-how utilized in NASA’s simulated Mars mission.

However NASA has lengthy been concerned with drones lengthy earlier than issues like pizza supply drones had been on individuals’s minds. Even when merely flying on earth, drones have been in a position to present insights into what life past earth is perhaps like, whereas additionally higher understanding little-known environments on our personal planet. For instance, within the mid-2010s, NASA used drones to discover volcanoes with a purpose of bettering the accuracy of ash fall measurements. NASA has additionally invested cash in constructing drones that would fly off Earth for jobs resembling navigating the corridors of an area station.

Different attention-grabbing examples of astronauts colliding with drones embrace NASA astronaut Scott Parazynski’s invention of a joystick that places all the first drone struggle controls right into a single hand. The aim of that? To revolutionize robotic surgical procedure.

Over at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, JPL robotics engineers have experimented with Shapeshifter, a swarm of small robots that may morph into completely different autos to discover alien worlds, simply to call a couple of.

NASA’s stake in UTM

And maybe most influential to the drone business is the stake NASA has taken in managing drone air site visitors, generally known as UTM (Unmanned Site visitors Administration). Even earlier than everybody had a neighbor who had a DJI Mavic, NASA was engaged on UTM proposals for the Federal Aviation Administration, which included conducting reside, public demonstrations of UTM operations and internet hosting public workshops the place suggestions from common people was welcome. NASA’s assessments had been used as “a proof of idea for UTM capabilities and function the idea for coverage issues, requirements growth and the implementation of a UTM system,” in accordance with a press release from the FAA.

Today, a lot of NASA’s UTM-related work contains establishing partnerships with different large drone gamers like Zipline to review how one (or a couple of) individuals can efficiently handle a far bigger fleet of autonomous autos, underneath what’s known as the NASA (m:N) undertaking.

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