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What to Take into account When Shopping for a Used Ford F-150


2018 Ford F-150Ford has been making the favored F-Sequence since 1948, and would go on to introduce the F-150 in 1975. Since then, the Ford F-150 has developed over 9 generations and has turn into America’s favourite automobile, proving its reputation by being the best-selling mannequin for 46 consecutive years. With so many fashions and choices to select from, shopping for a used Ford F-150 requires cautious consideration of many components, together with having the right background information in regards to the automobile.

The F-150 is obtainable in a number of cab and mattress configurations, however not all configurations can be found on fashions. For instance, the most important SuperCrew cab can’t be mixed with the longest 8-foot mattress. A variety of trim ranges can also be accessible, starting from utilitarian to luxurious. Figuring out how a lot passenger and cargo capability you will have will help slim down the F-150 that most accurately fits your life-style and wishes.

Used Ford F-150 Shopping for Guidelines

Whereas Ford had been manufacturing the F-Sequence of vehicles for the reason that Fifties, it wouldn’t be till 1975 when the F-150 mannequin would make its solution to showroom flooring. The truck would evolve and enhance over the many years, together with the change to a boxed body that improved dealing with and luxury, and finally, the transfer to make the physique out of sturdy but light-weight aluminum.

Ford F-150 Generations

The Ford F-150 first hit the market within the mid-Seventies and has offered tens of hundreds of thousands of vehicles since its introduction. Over the generations, Ford has added extra luxurious trim ranges to the F-150 lineup, such because the King Ranch and Platinum. Probably the most upscale trims are reserved for Ford’s largest SuperCrew cab, which has copious legroom within the rear seats. In reality, the SuperCrew has greater than 4 extra inches of legroom when in comparison with the Ford Explorer SUV.

First-generation F-150 – The primary F-150 was accessible with 6- and 8-cylinder engine choices. The truck was recognized for its boxy design and rectangular headlights, kicking off the F-150’s reign as some of the fashionable autos ever offered. Its distinctive design would keep on for over 20-years till it was changed by a a lot rounder egg-shaped entrance finish.

Second-generation F-150 – The second-generation F-150 was launched in 1980 with the identical wheelbase and cargo capability, however it was lighter than the earlier era. It had each an improved trip and choices for SuperCab fashions to supply extra passenger area. Gas injection was added to the 5.0L V8 within the mid-Eighties to spice up energy output and effectivity.

Third-generation F-150 – The third-generation F-150, launched in 1987, noticed extra rounded options on the truck’s physique and a regular 4-speed handbook transmission. The outside acquired updates to enhance the truck’s aerodynamics, leading to a quieter cabin and including marginal good points to effectivity.

Fourth-generation F-150 – The 1992 Ford F-150 kicked off the fourth era of the truck and possessed trendy styling. The entrance finish would turn into rounder, and the hood extra sloped to enhance aerodynamics additional. Different notable modifications included normal driver airbag in 1994 and the top of the 4.9-liter inline-6 engine choice for the F-150.

Fifth-generation F-150 – The fifth-generation F-150, beginning in 1997, noticed a dramatic redesign to the truck’s exterior to fall consistent with different Ford autos. Important suspension modifications had been made, with the F-150 now utilizing unbiased entrance suspension as a substitute of Twin I-Beam suspension. A 4.2-liter V6 changed the inline-6, and two V8 engine choices had been newly accessible. In 1999, Ford would introduce the SVT Lightning, a efficiency avenue truck based mostly on the F-150 powered by a supercharged 5.4L V8 with 360 horsepower and 440 lb-ft of torque. The Lightning would obtain a bump in energy output in 2001, bringing the engine’s rankings to 360 horsepower/450 lb-ft of torque.

As well as, 2001 can be the yr Ford launched the SuperCrew cab, the brand new largest cab choice accessible with 4 full-size doorways.

Sixth-generation F-150 – The sixth-generation F-150, which started manufacturing in 2004, introduced again extra squared-off design cues whereas maintaining the choice of the SuperCrew cab. The bigger cab would assist Ford acquire much more reputation because it supplied comparable room to SUVs. Not was the pickup truck a utility-first automobile emphasizing cargo capability over payload capability; it was a family-friendly automobile as properly.

Seventh-generation F-150 – In 2009, the seventh-generation F-150 noticed one other full redesign, together with a completely boxed body and extra luxurious options. A brand new EcoBoost turbo V6 engine was accessible for the primary time and delivered extra horsepower and torque than all engines besides the massive 6.2-liter V8, which had nearly 50 extra horsepower. The three.5-liter V6 EcoBoost engine supplied comparable energy to a naturally aspirated V8 whereas delivering almost 50% higher gas economic system. Ford would additionally introduce their off-road-oriented truck, the Raptor, based mostly on Baja racing vehicles.

Eighth-generation F-150 – The eighth-generation F-150, arriving for 2015, noticed one other sea change for America’s best-selling automobile. With this mannequin, Ford applied heavy use of aluminum on the physique, which led to vital weight financial savings of as much as 700 kilos, relying on the mattress and cab configuration. A brand new 10-speed automated transmission was launched to make sure the F-150 would keep on the forefront of automotive know-how.

Ninth-generation F-150 – A hybrid and electrical model of the Ford F-150 can be launched in 2021, alongside conventional gasoline counterparts. The hybrid model produces essentially the most horsepower and torque within the lineup whereas additionally boosting gas economic system. The Lightning marks one other milestone, as the primary totally electrical F-150, with manufacturing starting in 2022. The Raptor off-road mannequin, in the meantime, would endure vital modifications within the suspension and engine. Lively dampers from Fox suspension made the Raptor much more succesful over tough terrain, whereas the swap from a V8 to a turbo V6  would elevate energy output and widen the facility curve.

Era Manufacturing
1st Gen 1975-1979
2nd Gen 1980-1986
third Gen 1987-1991
4th Gen 1992-1996
fifth Gen 1997-2003
sixth Gen 2004-2008
seventh Gen 2009-2014
eighth Gen 2015-2020
ninth Gen 2021-TBD

 

Ford F-150 Powertrain

The F-150 has come outfitted with over a dozen engines that assorted in efficiency over time. Early engine designs utilized giant displacement and low-compression in comparison with the newer EcoBoost variants with their larger compression and turbochargers. Through the years, F-150 vehicles have been accessible with gasoline, diesel, hybrid, or, now, all-electric powertrains.

Gasoline – Gasoline engines are the preferred powertrains within the Ford F-150 and the only option for a variety of drivers. Gasoline is available and has been powering most inside combustion engines for over 100 years.

Diesel – Diesel has been round for roughly so long as gasoline; nonetheless, it’s not as frequent in light-duty pickup vehicles. The advantages of diesel are that it’s extra energy-dense than gasoline, and the engine’s product has considerably extra torque, making them well-suited to carrying heavy masses. A diesel engine was supplied most lately within the F-150 from the 2018 to 2021 mannequin years.

Hybrid – Hybrid automobiles have been fashionable for many years, however hybrid vehicles are solely simply beginning to acquire reputation. Hybrids mix a gasoline engine and battery-fed electrical motor to boost the truck’s gas economic system. One other good thing about a hybrid is its regenerative braking, which returns cost again to the battery pack when the brakes are utilized.

Electrical – Electrical vehicles are the most recent improvement from Ford and signify the latest F-150 powertrain. Electrical autos are gaining reputation attributable to their diminished operation value and enormous quantities of instantaneous torque. Along with efficiency advantages, EVs are much less harmful to the surroundings than conventional gasoline or diesel-powered vehicles. The 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning marks the primary all-electric F-150.

Displacement Horsepower Torque(lbs)
4.2L V6 115 – 210 206 – 260
4.9L V8 117 – 145 227 – 265
4.9L I6 117 – 150 223 – 260
5.0L V8 133 – 400 233 – 410
5.8L V8 136 – 210 262 – 315
4.6L V8 220 – 292 280 – 320
5.4L V8 235 – 310 330 – 365
3.0L V6 Diesel 250 440
3.5L V6 282 253
3.3L V6 290 265
3.7L turbo V6 302 278
2.7L turbo V6 325 375 – 400
5.4L supercharged V8 340 – 380 425 – 450
3.5L turbo V6 365 – 450 420 – 510
6.2L V8 411 434
3.5L V6 Hybrid 430 570

 

Ford F-150 Suspension

The early generations of F-150 vehicles utilized a Twin I-Beam entrance suspension and a reside axle with leaf springs for the rear suspension. Twenty-two years after the F-150 was launched, it will endure vital updates to make the most of an unbiased entrance suspension that improved dealing with.

All core mannequin F-150 vehicles make the most of a reside rear axle with leaf springs. Leaf springs are a tried and true suspension system that continues to be fashionable on vehicles for his or her skill to deal with large vertical masses simply. The lengthy size and two mounting factors of leaf springs assist distribute the load over a bigger space and stop overloading.

Nonetheless, specialty mannequin vehicles just like the F-150 Raptor and F-150 Lightning use coil springs. The primary two generations of Raptor trip on leaf springs, whereas the third era has coil springs. The Raptor doesn’t have simply any outdated coil spring, although; it has some of the superior shocks with energetic dampening from Fox suspension.

The Ford Lightning is the one truck in Ford’s lineup to make use of unbiased rear suspension (IRS). Since electrical motors will be positioned on the rear wheels, there isn’t any longer a necessity for a reside axle, which beforehand was the limitation for implementing IRS. Whereas IRS handles higher, it’s not as well-suited for heavy towing and industrial autos.

Vans that often tow or carry heavy payloads will see accelerated put on within the rear suspension parts. The wear and tear will be additional compounded by hauling on uneven or unpaved roads, which causes the load to multiply on impacts.

Tire & Tread Put on

Over the many years, the Ford F-150 has been outfitted with a variety of wheels from as small as 15-inches to as giant as 22-inches. Bigger wheels and tires could also be useful till a sure dimension; nonetheless, they may value extra to switch. Along with the upper worth, large-diameter tires have smaller sidewalls, which aren’t as efficient at absorbing bumps within the highway and are extra prone to pothole harm. Right here’s an instance:

Price to switch 15-inch Tires: Michelin Defender LTX M/S – 235/75-15 tires value $169 per tire and $676 per set of tires.

Price to Exchange 22-Inch Tires: Michelin Defender LTX M/S – 275/50-22 tires value $283 per tire and $1,132 per set of tires.

Verify for even put on and the way a lot tread depth is remaining when inspecting a used truck’s tires. An uneven put on sample between tires can point out suspension or body harm. If the rear tires are carrying quicker than the entrance tires, it could be as a result of F-150 being a rear-wheel drive (RWD) as a substitute of a 4-wheel drive (4WD) mannequin or frequent heavy load hauling.

Physique & Body Situation

One of the best situations to examine a automobile’s paint are when it’s clear and in direct lighting. The solar or high-power lights will present the sunshine needed to identify paint defects: scratches, swirl marks, and etchings. Paint defects that may be felt along with your fingernail will probably be everlasting, and their look can solely be minimized by performing a paint correction.

If a drop-in mattress liner is provided within the mattress of the truck, make sure you examine beneath it rigorously for corrosion. Dust and moisture can construct up beneath the mattress liner over time and trigger vital points if left unattended. Spray-in mattress liners don’t endure from the identical downside and are preferable.

A totally boxed body was launched in 2004 to enhance the energy and rigidity of the Ford F-150. Earlier generations of the F-150 used a C channel body that had extra flex than the brand new boxed body.

In 2015 the Ford F-150 began utilizing aluminum physique panels as a substitute of metal physique panels, leading to an enormous weight financial savings of some 700 kilos. The draw back to an aluminum physique is how a lot tougher and costlier it’s to restore if an accident ever happens.

Checking the physique gaps for misalignment will help decide if a automobile has been in an accident or suffered harm from towing or carrying an excessive amount of weight. Whereas visible inspections can decide if one thing is majorly improper with a automobile’s physique and body, they received’t suffice for figuring out elements barely out of specification. If given the chance to carry out a pre-purchase inspection earlier than shopping for a used automobile, it’s sensible to have one carried out. An inspection may prevent from buying a automobile that wants extra repairs and upkeep than anticipated.

Ford-Licensed F-150

The F-150 is now in its ninth era, and the Ford F-Sequence vehicles are of their 14th era. Should you’re trying to restore a basic Ford truck, the one choice is to buy used. Nonetheless, in the event you’re out there for a late-model truck, shopping for a licensed pre-owned (CPO) automobile is an choice. Ford created the Ford Blue Benefit program to assist patrons rapidly discover the licensed Ford — together with the F-150 — they’re attempting to find. FBA autos can be found in Blue and Gold certification, the latter being the upper tier.

Ford Gold Licensed autos should move a 172-point automobile inspection. Along with an intensive pre-purchase inspection, Gold Licensed autos characteristic a 12-month/12,000-mile complete restricted guarantee protecting an in depth array of parts if any points come up.

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